At the first official UN celebration of World Toilet Day on 19 November 2013, a “mobile” toilet takes over the seat of Yemen at the UN headquarters in New York. Listen to the podcast of the UN Seminar and panel discussion entitled “Sanitation for All” here.
Filed under: Campaigns and Events, Multimedia Tagged: podcasts, United Nations, videos, World Toilet Day, World Toilet Day 2013
WaterAid is currently carrying out a SHARE-funded action research project in Zambia and Uganda in collaboration with WEDC and the Leonard Cheshire Disability and Inclusive Development Centre (LCD), called Undoing Inequity: water, sanitation and hygiene programmes that deliver for all. The project aims to generate rigorous evidence about how a lack of safe water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) impacts on the lives of disabled, older persons and people living with a chronic illness; understand the barriers they face, develop and test an inclusive WASH approach to address those barriers and influence key policy and decision makers to mainstream inclusive WASH within development.
As part of this project, Hazel Jones (WEDC) has written a report titled Mainstreaming disability and ageing in water, sanitation and hygiene programmes. This report recognises that progress on the MDGs is not happening in an equitable way. A drive for increasing coverage of basic services, such as WASH has meant that people who are ‘harder to reach’, such as disabled and older people often remain un-served.
This report presents an overview of the extent to which disability and ageing is mainstreamed in WASH programmes. Drawing on experiences from WASH organisations around the world, it is evident that disability and ageing have received increased attention in the WASH sector over the last decade, but there is still a long way to go to achieve genuine mainstreaming. The current picture is of a ‘continuum’ of progress towards mainstreaming. This continuum provides a framework for WASH implementers to analyse their own equity and inclusion activities. With further refinement, it could also provide a practical tool for use by implementers in reviewing progress, and planning next steps in mainstreaming disability and ageing within their organisation and programmes.
Information provided by WaterAid
Filed under: Africa, Dignity and Social Development, Publications, Research Tagged: ageing, disability, SHARE Consortium, Uganda, WaterAid, WEDC, Zambia
Sanitation experts at IRC have compiled the first version of a reference guide on low-cost sanitation for non-sewered service models, SanPack for short. Dr Christine Sijbesma and Joep Verhagen have collected materials that cover services for all stages of the sanitation life cycle, from preparation activities to the emptying, recycling and productive use of toilet contents. Per stage you can find a short intro text and links that lead you to relevant documents on a specific topic.
Ten stages in the sanitation life cycle
The ten stages are:
- Preparations for programmes
- Creating sustained demand
- Enabling informed choices
- Facilitating financing
- Providing supply services
- Services for hygienic use
- Services for maintenance, repair and upgrading
- Services to empty, treat and use
- Monitoring and feedback
- Sanitation Governance
This collection of e-documents features materials and tools that IRC and partners have developed from the mid-1980s until now. The focus was, and remains, on how to give all people access to improved sanitation and hygiene now and forever.
The target groups for SanPack are the same groups that IRC has served throughout its existence:
- practitioners and managers of sanitation improvement programmes
- government and NGO staff dealing with sanitation policies, strategies and services
- researchers searching for data on results and impacts from approaches and programmes
- trainers involved in building capacities in a life-cycle approach to non-sewered sanitation
SanPack is available at www.washdoc.info/sanpack
For more information contact Tettje van Daalen (editor)
Filed under: Sanitary Facilities, Web sites Tagged: IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre, on-site sanitation, sanitation services, SanPack
Q+A – Using technology to map Nairobi slums for more toilets, less trash | Source: Katy Migiro, Reuters, Nov 28, 2013 |
NAIROBI (Thomson Reuters Foundation) – Nearly seven out of 10 residents of Nairobi’s slums use shared toilets or pit latrines – while 6 percent have no toilets at all. Yet even if they wanted a toilet, getting one hooked up to the municipal system can involve insurmountable bureaucracy and corruption.
Meanwhile, their trash may be getting picked up by youth groups, but only to be dumped in the river or on the road – rather than picked up by city council trucks.
Now, the Spatial Collective social enterprise is hoping to fix that by using technologies to map out the slums, providing the information and connecting the right players in hope of bringing in more toilets and disposing of the rubbish… and the crime.
Jamie Lundine, managing director of Spatial Collective, spoke to Thomson Reuters Foundation in Nairobi at the 2013 International Conference of Crisis Mappers, which she helped organise.
Q: How are new mapping technologies changing the aid world?
A: I think new technologies are allowing information that may previously have gone undocumented to be amplified and then shared… so that actual players on the ground, hopefully, have a greater say in how aid money is spent.
To be able to create a platform and share information gives global recognition to local problems – and local solutions. Somebody else knows where they are and is listening to their story.
Collecting 300, 400, 500 [criminal] incidents allows you to reveal trends and then share that with decision makers. Visualising them and showing this is a hot spot area, for example, might move somebody.
Q: What excites you about your work?
A: One of the most exciting projects that we are working on at the moment is a partnership with Nairobi City Water and Sewage Company and an urban planning and architecture firm called Kounkuey – it’s a Thai word (that means “to know intimately”) – Design Initiative (KDI).
KDI have built up several public spaces in the informal settlements in Nairobi. Connecting to a municipal infrastructure – so that a toilet can actually be connected to the sewage and water system – is quite a bureaucratic, sometimes corrupt, difficult process. They’ve had to go through it six or seven times.
They wanted to share that information and open it up – how you actually connect, who you talk to, what forms you need to fill out, how long it should take – but also to access the data about where that municipal infrastructure actually is.
We have been working with them to build the prototype for a web-based GIS (geographic information system) tool that allows people to put in the location of different sites where they want to connect to the municipal infrastructure. Then it will tell you the approximate cost to connect.
Q: Rubbish is another problem in the slums. Could mapping help here?
A: This is a project we have been working on in-house for the past year. We received a grant from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, so we have been doing a more in-depth survey to understand how waste management operates in the informal settlements.
Youth groups operating collect money from individual households and then they collect their trash. Part of what we are doing is mapping out where all the youth groups are.
The central dump for Nairobi, which is in Dandora, has been full for the last 10 years. The city council trucks that are meant to come by and pick up the garbage don’t come regularly.
So the garbage gets collected and gets dumped. There’s nobody to transport it. So it ends up in the river. It ends up piling along the main road.
What we are looking at is how can we incentivise those people who are collecting garbage [in trucks] to work more closely with the youth groups to make sure that the waste that people are paying to have collected gets transported to a dump.
We are looking at different tools – WhatsApp, Facebook – that people are already using to open up that channel of communication. We hope that 250 voices are more powerful than one youth group getting frustrated because the truck never shows up.
Right now, maybe they can’t afford for the private trucks to come by but the purchasing power of 250 youth groups is much greater than one. Or they could all pool their money and buy a truck.
Q: Why did you choose to set up a social enterprise rather than a non-governmental organisation (NGO)?
A: We started seeing a shift in how NGOs are functioning, moving more towards operating like businesses. With the economic crisis, there’s a lot more pressure on people to spend their money wisely. It might be easier to run a company, rather than an NGO, with a lot more flexibility.
Just because we are a private company doesn’t mean that we can’t innovate and do our own projects and spend our money on social causes – which is exactly what we are doing. We’ve had an incredibly positive response.
Filed under: Africa, Sanitary Facilities Tagged: Geographic information system, mapping, Nairobi
Recently-retired Indian cricket legend SachinTendulkar has become UNICEF Ambassador for South Asia to promote hygiene and sanitation in the region over the next two years.
“I was disheartened to know was that 1600 children die everyday because of diarrhoeal infected diseases”, Tendulkar said at a press conference on 28 November in Mumbai. “I just want to help UNICEF to make more people aware of this initiative that I am part of. It is as simple as washing your hands with soap”.
A video compilation highlights Tendulkar’s involvement in UNICEF campaigns over the past ten years on issues including polio, HIV/AIDS and handwashing.
Filed under: Campaigns and Events, Dignity and Social Development, Hygiene Promotion, South Asia Tagged: Sachin Tendulkar, sanitation ambassadors, unicef
How will urban households deal with hygiene, wastewater and solid waste in 2050? The solution, according to the combined vision of Veolia Environnement and the London School of Economics (LSE), lies in “a circular economy based on continuous reuse”.
In a home free of bins, household waste gets sorted by nanoscopic robots, senso-cleaners scan your hands for dirt, and plants and bacteria self-treat domestic effluents.
Baths require a minimal quantity of water, ultrasonic vibrations will remove dirt without the need for soap.
All surfaces (wall, floor, roof and window) become self-cleaning thanks to a coating of epicuticular wax crystalloids and a minimal amount of captured rainwater or condensation (no detergent).
Read more about the home of the future on Veolia’s Imagine 2050 web site.
Source: Veolia unveils bin-less homes vision, edie.net, 20 Nov 2013
Filed under: Wastewater Management Tagged: circular economy, Imagine 2050, London School of Economics, Sustainable cities, Veolia Environnement
First we had “no toilet, no bride“, now you need a toilet to be elected in India. At least that’s what chief minister Nitish Kumar is proposing for his state Bihar. He made the announcement on World Toilet Day, 19 November.
Candidates who don’t have a toilet in their home will not be allowed to contest rural (panchayat) and urban local body elections in the state. The chief minister said he would ensure that relevant legislation (Bihar Panchayati Raj Act) would be amended to make this possible.
Bihar is not the first place to use elections to promote toilet construction. Back in 2010, Surkhet district in Nepal made it mandatory for candidates in local elections to have a toilet in their house. Nepal’s Kalikot district took it one step further by demanding that residents showed proof of possessing a toilet in order to obtain a citizenship certificate.
According to the 2011 Census, 82.4% of the rural population and 30.3 of the urban population in Bihar have no toilet. From 2006 t0 2010, the available budget for sanitation has been systematically under-spent (fig. 1).
Bihar Chief minister Kumar said that his aim was to ensure that that every household in Bihar has a toilet by 2020. Another initiative that the chief minister is introducing to achieve this goal is to change the way that subsidies are paid: instead of having to wait until the toilet is finished, beneficiaries will get the 4,600 rupee (US$ 74) subsidy during the construction of the toilet itself.
Trémolet, S. and Binder, D., 2013. Evaluating the effectiveness of public finance for household sanitation in the state of Bihar, India. London, UK: WaterAid and SHARE (Sanitation and Hygiene Applied Research for Equity). Available at the WaterAid and SHARE web sites.
- Alok Gupta, No toilet at home? Can’t contest local body polls in Bihar, says Nitish. Down to earth, 20 Nov 2013
- Surabhi Malik, Now Nitish Kumar stakes claim to ‘toilets first’ policy. NDTV, 20 Nov 2013
Filed under: Dignity and Social Development, Funding, Policy, Sanitary Facilities, South Asia Tagged: Bihar, elections, India, sanitation promotion, sanitation subsidies
The BRAC WASH programme in Bangladesh is to conduct detailed planning to convert faecal matter from pit latrines into commercially viable fertiliser, biogas and electricity. The aim is to complete the sanitation chain by making material from millions of pit latrines safe and economically productive.
Babar Kabir, Senior Director of the BRAC WASH programme, says that there is a sound business case for investment in bio-energy units that could generate electricity on a large scale, but believes that investors must be in this for the long-term and that the most important payback will be improved health and sanitation.
Speaking in the lead up to World Toilet Day (19 November), Dr Kabir warned that Bangladesh’s sanitation successes will be put at risk if they fail to meet the challenge of emptying pit latrines safely and allow contaminated sludge to pollute ground water .
As of June 2013 the BRAC Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Programme has supported 28.6 million people to achieve safe sanitation and is engaging in hygiene education with 63.5 million. In its first five years BRAC WASH supported communities to achieve five million new or improved toilets.
Preventing the cycle of contamination
Speaking at the International Water Week in Amsterdam, Babar Kabir said that the main motivation for starting the business was not profit but the social impact in terms of health and sanitation.
“We are using a very simple technology which is pit latrines so we have reached a point where the pits are filling up and we have just deferred the problem if we can’t handle the disposal safely. If they empty the pits and dump it into a water body … the whole cycle of contaminations starts again.”
The programme is commissioning a feasibility study looking at the cost of production, levels of investment, potential returns and the health benefits. A pre-feasibility study found that the proposal “provides a commercially viable solution for the sustainable and safe emptying of pit latrines”.
Large-scale solutions needed
In an interview after appearing as a panelist at a keynote meeting on the business case for sanitation, Dr Kabir said: “We are trying to build up a business case for micro- and macro-level faecal sludge management. There is going to be compost; there is going to be biogas which can be then used to generate electricity and if we are smart enough we can capture the heat from the generator and build a cold storage for food preservation.”
BRAC proposals are on a far larger scale than other innovative case studies presented in Amsterdam. The plan in Bangladesh is to convert 6,000 tons a year of faecal sludge, 4,000 tons of corn and maize agricultural residue, and chicken litter to generate power and fertiliser.
The Amsterdam meeting showed that all such schemes need long-term support. Four other innovative cases were presented at a workshop “Making Sustainable Business out of Sanitation”, including SANERGY, which won the prestigious Sarphati award for its franchise toilet system in the slums of Nairobi. Yet none of the four yet breaks even on the waste material side of its business and all acknowledged that there was still some way to go.
Dr Kabir said: “You have to understand that the business case is not as simple as a normal investment where you would expect a return in five to seven years. This is going to take longer because there is a social impact involved with it so your internal rate of return is going be slightly longer. So any investor in the sanitation business would require to have a little bit of patience before we can hit the break-even point.”
Peter McIntyre, 18 Nov 2013
See also: Is there a sustainable business case for sanitation?, E-Source, 11 Nov 2013
This article has been republished from E-Source, 18 Nov 2013
Filed under: Sanitary Facilities, South Asia Tagged: Bangladesh, BRAC WASH II programme, faecal sludge management, pit latrines, Sanitation as a business
See on Scoop.it – WASHplus
USAID TRAction – Call for abstracts on household air pollution The USAID Translating Research into Action (TRAction) Project, which supports implementation science to identify best practices and ensure that evidence can be applied in practice, is …
See on blogs.washplus.org
Filed under: Uncategorized
USAID Announces Grants for Fuel-Efficient Cookstove Distribution in Kenya | U.S. Agency for International Development
See on Scoop.it – WASHplus
The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) announced today three awards made through the $1 million Fuel-efficient Cookstove Distribution in Kenya Grants Competition, a major component of USAID’s Developing a Sustainable…
See on www.usaid.gov
Filed under: Uncategorized
Akvopedia has launched a new water and sanitation portal on sustainability. Developed by Akvo in collaboration with IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre, the portal provides simple outlines of sustainability frameworks, such as the IRC’s Triple-S framework, as well as the FIETS approach, which was developed by the Dutch WASH Alliance and takes into account five key areas of sustainability – financial, institutional, environmental, technical and social. These key areas have been chosen as the five pillars of the portal’s main page.
Filed under: Web sites Tagged: Akvo, Akvopedia, IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre, Sustainability
We Can’t Wait – Governments, civil society and business should work together to tackle sanitation for women’s health; say Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council, Unilever and WaterAid
A collaborative approach between governments, civil society and business is essential to getting the Millennium Development Goal sanitation target back on track. This is critical to improve the health and prosperity of women worldwide, says a new report jointly published by the United Nations hosted organisation Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council, international development organisation WaterAid and Unilever’s leading toilet brand Domestos.
The report, We Can’t Wait, was presented today at a UN event in New York which celebrates recognition of the first official World Toilet Day. The day serves to remind the world that over 2.5 billion people lack access to an adequate toilet, with devastating consequences in particular for the well-being, health, education and empowerment of women and girls worldwide.
The report highlights the stark consequences for women and girls of the lack of access to toilets or use of good hygiene practices. One in three women worldwide risk shame, disease, harassment and even attack because they have nowhere safe to go to the toilet and 526 million women have no choice but to go to the toilet out in the open. Women and girls living without any toilets spend 97 billion hours each year finding a place to go.
This is the first time the three organisations, representing the worlds of business, UN and NGOs, have come together in this way on sanitation. The report brings together real life case studies of people in the developing world, alongside research from a variety of organisations and agencies that examine the impact of a lack of sanitation on women and girls.
In the report, UN Deputy-Secretary General, Jan Eliasson, and Paul Polman, Unilever Chief Executive Officer, declare:
- “One person in three lacks access to adequate sanitation. The result is widespread death and diseases – especially among children – and social marginalisation. Women are particularly vulnerable.
- “Poor sanitation exposes females to the risk of assault, and when schools cannot provide clean, safe, toilets girls’ attendance drops.
- “We simply cannot wait. By acting decisively we can now make a positive impact on global health, education, women’s safety, social equality and economic growth for generations to come”.
The report puts forward a number of recommendations including the following:
- Governments (of both developing and donor countries) make strengthening the sanitation sector and bringing the Millennium Development Goal target on sanitation back on track an immediate and urgent political priority.
- Governments across the world keep their promises and implement the commitments made at national level, regional level (AfricaSan, SACOSAN) and global level (Sanitation and Water for All). Furthermore, they must significantly increase financial resources to the sector, use these resources wisely and ensure that the most marginalised and vulnerable people are targeted.
- The post-2015 development framework to succeed the Millennium Development Goals needs to address water, sanitation and hygiene as priority issues, set ambitious targets to achieve universal access to water, sanitation and hygiene, and gradually reduce and eventually eliminate inequalities in access and use.
- Sanitation should be integrated into education policy supported by sufficient resources and concrete plans to ensure that:
- All schools have adequate sanitation facilities including hand washing facilities and separate toilets for boys and girls with access for students with disabilities.
- Specific provision is made at school for establishing proper menstrual hygiene management facilities.
- Hygiene promotion is featured as an important part of the school curriculum from primary level.
- The role for public private partnerships in addressing the sanitation crisis has been formally recognised. More actors in the private sector must realise the social and business opportunities and invest in social development. More frequent and cross-sector collaboration is essential to achieving real progress.
WaterAid Chief Executive, Barbara Frost, said: “At the turn of the millennium, world leaders promised to halve the proportion of people living without access to a basic toilet by 2015. At current rates of progress, around half a billion people will have to wait another decade before they get this basic service they were promised. Every hour 70 women and girls die from diseases brought about from a lack of access to sanitation and water. We can and should be doing better – it is basic services we are talking about that can transform lives.”
Jean-Laurent Ingles, Unilever Senior Vice President Household Care said: “We need a concerted effort that combines the experience, knowledge and resources of both public and private sector organisations to bring safe sanitation to hundreds of millions of people. Domestos has over 90 years of experience in toilet hygiene and germ protection and is committed to working in partnerships to help build a ‘clean, safe toilet for all’. By doing this we aim to grow our business and help to improve the health and wellbeing of 1 billion people around the world.”
Dr. Chris Williams, Executive Director, Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council: “Sanitation and hygiene are motors which drive health, social and economic development around the world. An environment that lacks sanitation and clean water is an environment where achieving other development goals is an impossible dream. The time to act is now.”
Filed under: Uncategorized Tagged: equity, hygiene, sanitation
Why World Toilet Day 2013 matters: unblocking constipated progress on sanitation
Author: Julian Doczi, Research Officer – Water Policy, Overseas Development Institute (ODI), London, UK, email@example.com
A few months ago, the sanitation world received a welcome boost when the UN General Assembly officially recognised World Toilet Day. Founded in 2001 by popular sanitation advocate Jack Sim, and celebrated on November 19 each year, this Day aims to draw attention to the global sanitation crisis via the toilet, a topic which causes discomfort or giggles for many. Indeed, the Day has always had both a fun and serious side, with healthy doses of toilet humour running alongside the sobering headline that 2.5 billion people worldwide still lack access to improved sanitation. But its formal recognition this year is an important milestone, and one of several recent developments that could mark the beginning of a real sea change in political momentum toward the achievement of decent sanitation for all.
There is still a long way to go. Poor sanitation exacts a huge human burden and costs the global economy over US$260 billion per year, with health, education, personal security, human dignity, and the environment all affected. While sector specialists have long recognised these impacts, skewed heavily towards women and children, ministries and politicians have often preferred to look away. In the first iteration of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in 2000, sanitation was ignored completely, and was included only as an afterthought in 2002. Afterthought or not though, the target – to reduce by half the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation by 2015 – has stimulated a healthier public and political debate, though progress is still slow. While the world has already met the drinking water target, it remains off-track for the sanitation target, with rural dwellers and the urban poor lagging most.
From the MDG target came further breakthroughs. The focus on water and sanitation in the 2006 Human Development Report was a timely reminder of the link between poor sanitation and poverty, and was followed by the UN General Assembly’s declaration of 2008 as the International Year of Sanitation. Evidence suggests that this event galvanised a new surge of activity on sanitation that has continued to this day. Rose George’s widely read book on sanitation, The Big Necessity, which looked at the many factors constraining sanitation progress, provides a useful reference point for assessing the level of progress over the last five years.
So what does this new surge of activity on sanitation look like, and who is championing the cause? Since 2008 we have seen:
- Matt Damon, Bono, Richard Branson and many others going on a ‘toilet strike‘ for sanitation earlier this year
- Unprecedented levels of investment in sanitation by donors like USAID (investing $1 billion USD in their new ‘Water and Development Strategy’ for 2013-2018), DFID (investing £104 million in their new ‘Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Results Programme’) and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (investing at least $250 million USD in water, sanitation and hygiene initiatives since 2010, including their ‘Reinvent the Toilet Challenge’)
- Access to water and sanitation declared a fundamental human right by the UN General Assembly in 2010, affirmed by UN Human Rights Council, and now allowing citizens to legally demand these rights from their states
- Strong likelihood of an independent and more holistic goal (not just a single target) on ‘water and sanitation for all‘ in the Sustainable Development Goals set to succeed the MDGs in 2015, driven by strong advocacy and clear global demand
- The Sanitation and Water for All Partnership, established in 2010, consisting of high-level representatives from 44 developing country governments and a variety of development partners, meeting regularly to catalyse more political leadership and action on sanitation
- Major national campaigns for sanitation in many off-track countries, such as the recent ‘Nirmal Bharat Yatra‘ in India: a sanitation awareness and behaviour change ‘travelling carnival’ that directly reached over 160,000 attendees last year
- An official, UN-approved and permanent day for drawing attention to the sanitation crisis – World Toilet Day!
Have we now have reached a point of no return for sanitation? Big challenges remain, and the test will be progress on the ground, but the growing momentum can only be cause for optimism. World Toilet Day provides an opportunity for advocacy on sanitation at all levels, raising interest, helping to overcome shame and embarrassment, and stimulating investment. No longer is sanitation mainly an engineer’s domain either. The development community increasingly understands that the social and political incentives for sanitation decision making, among both politicians and citizens, are key to unblocking progress. This means that solutions are not straightforward, and points to new directions for engagement at the country level.
So congratulations to Jack Sim and all the other sanitation advocates as we take stock today, and remind ourselves of what still needs to be done. World Toilet Day is a clear sign that we’re moving in the right direction.
Filed under: Campaigns and Events Tagged: Overseas Development Institute, World Toilet Day, World Toilet Organization
A sculpture representing the World Toilet Day logo has been unveiled on Singapore’s Marina Barrage. Commissioned by the World Toilet Organization, the sculpture’s title “Evolution of Man: Poo Pee Happy” represents the evolution from cave man to civilised man, who enjoys clean sanitation.
The World Toilet Organization organised the unveiling ceremony together with PUB, Singapore’s water agency, and the Ministry of Environment and Water Resources (MEWR).
World Toilet Day is the brainchild of “Mr Toilet” Jack Sim, co-founder of the World Toilet Organization. Celebrated each year since 2001 on 19 November, the day has now been officially recognised by the United Nations. An interview with Jack Sim in the wake of World Toilet day was broadcast on Channel News Asia.
Related web site: World Toilet Day
Source: “Poo Pee Happy” sculpture to remind S’poreans of global sanitation crisis, Channel News Asia, 16 Nov 2013 ; Linette Lai, ‘Poo Pee Happy’ sculpture unveiled at Marina Barrage to commemorate World Toilet Day, Sunday Times, 16 Nov 2013
Filed under: Campaigns and Events, Dignity and Social Development, East Asia & Pacific Tagged: Jack Sim, World Toilet Day, World Toilet Day 2013, World Toilet Organization
World Toilet Day (WTD) is observed annually on November 19. The purpose of this international day is to break the taboo around toilets and draw attention to the global sanitation challenge. Resources in this issue include links to WTD events, a new WASHplus Briefing Note on fecal sludge management, 2013 blog posts and research reports on sanitation, and links to previous WASHplus Weeklies on sanitation issues.
WORLD TOILET DAY 2013 RESOURCES
- Celebrate the Toilet - (Link) - A virtual bathroom wall for commenting on World Toilet Day.
- WaterAid – World Toilet Day 2013 – Louie the Loo Sings “Thank You Toilet” -(Video) Join Louie the Loo to celebrate the little guy in the corner—your toilet!
- Splashdirect’s Guide to World Toilet Day - (Link) - Take part in the World Toilet Day blogging competition: Tell us your funniest or most disgusting bathroom story to win £250.
- Splashdirect – World Toilet Day Infographic - (Link)
- Water.org – World Toilet Day 2013 on Pinterest - (Link)
- Water and Sanitation Program – Infographic: What’s a Toilet Worth? (Link)
- World Health Organization – World Toilet Day 2013 - (Link)
- Twitter - Tweet #WTD2013 | Tweet #ThankYouToilet |
- United Nations General Assembly Designates 19 November as World Toilet Day, July 2013. (Link)
- World Toilet Organization - (Link)
WASHPLUS 2013 SANITATION PUBLICATIONS
Downstream of the Toilet: Transforming Poo into Proﬁt, 2013. (Link, pdf)
WASHplus engaged the NGO Practica to design and pilot a private-sector service delivery model to sustainably manage fecal sludge generated in Ambositra, a peri-urban town in Madagascar, using low-cost decentralized technologies. Working closely with the commune authorities, the project selected and trained a local entrepreneur, developed a sludge burial site, experimented with a range of manual extraction methods and tools, and engaged in social marketing.
Manuel de Formation Technique: Vidange Hygienique a Faible Cout, 2013. (Link, pdf)
A Sludge Removal Training Guide developed by Practica for the USAID WASHplus-supported fecal sludge management pilot activity in Madagascar.
The winner of the first Sarphati Sanitation Award, Sanergy has built 242 sanitation facilities in the past two years that are run by 130 local entrepreneurs from Nairobi’s slums. These entrepreneurs earn US $2,000 per year in income for their families while providing hygienic sanitation to 10,000+ residents.
October 2013 – South Asian Conference on Sanitation - (Link)
Nepal hosted the fifth SACOSAN October 22–24, 2013, in Kathmandu with the motto: Sanitation for All: All for Sanitation.
Third Webinar by the Stockholm Environmental Institute with Sanitation Grantees of the Gates Foundation, Nov 2013. (Video)
Three Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation grantees discuss innovative sanitation solutions for urban areas in this event hosted by the Stockholm Environment Institute and the Sustainable Sanitation Alliance.
Conference, Kigali, Rwanda, 2013. P Cross. (Link, pdf)
This 23 chapter report summarizes lessons learned from AfricaSan. In addition to sanitation and hygiene, it contains chapters on food security, HIV/AIDs, WASH in schools and other topics.
10 Things You Need to Know About Sanitation, 2013. United Nations. (Link, pdf)
The first challenge for countries seeking to solve the problem of access to sanitation is to define what “sanitation” really means. The second challenge is to decide what aspects are the most important. In other words, what aspect of the problem is going to be dealt with as a priority.
Achieving Sustainability: Guiding Entrepreneurs to Independence, 2013. Water and Sanitation for the Urban Poor. (Download free but registration required)
Supporting entrepreneurs to start up viable sanitation businesses can be relatively straightforward. However, challenges typically arise in the transition from donor-supported start-up to true independence. This note looks at the obstacles that need to be overcome in growing start-up businesses to become fully self-sustaining, and discusses how progress can be made.
Determinants of Households’ Cleaning Intention for Shared Toilets: Case of 50 Slums in Kampala, Uganda. Habitat International, Jan 2014. I Tumwebaze. (Link, pdf)
This study assesses determinants of households’ cleaning intention for shared toilets. Data analysis showed that most of the shared toilets in Kampala are unhygienic. The main cleaning intention determinants included: importance of using a clean toilet, the effort involved in cleaning the toilet, the disgust felt from using a dirty toilet, and cleaning habits.
Do Piped Water and Flush Toilets Prevent Child Diarrhea in Rural Philippines? 2013. J Capuno. (Link, pdf)
In pursuit of its Millennium Development Goals, the Government of the Philippines committed to reduce child deaths and provide water and sanitation services to more rural households by 2015. Applying propensity score matching on the 1993, 1998, 2003, and 2008 rounds of the National Demographic and Health Surveys, the incidence of diarrhea among under-5 children was lowered by as much as 4.5 percent in households with access to piped water and 10 percent in those with their own flush toilets compared to comparable households.
Expanding Sanitation Access in Accra’s Public Toilets, 2013. J Harris. (Link, pdf)
The purpose of this study was to investigate public toilet sites in Accra, Ghana, as a delivery model for sanitation in urban Africa. The goal was to articulate the maintenance and management practices of public toilet operators as a way of identifying sanitation delivery challenges and potential strategies for future interventions aimed at expanding sanitation access in Accra. The data suggest that public toilet sites in Accra are largely operating above the break-even point and that the logic of cost recovery is well intact.
An Exploratory Analysis of Behavioral Change Theory Constructs Used in Total Sanitation Programs, 2013. R Sigler. (Presentation, pdf)
Key questions for total sanitation interventions: Do differences in behavioral change activities increase the effectiveness of programs? If so, which specific activities, or combination of activities, increase program effectiveness?
The Important Relationship Between Landlords and Tenants in Improving Sanitation: The Case of Keko Machungwa, 2013. SHARE. (Link, pdf)
The relationship between landlords and tenants was highlighted by Keko Machungwa (Dar es Salaam, Tanzania) community members as a critical challenge in improving sanitation standards. The Tanzania Urban Poor Federation and Centre for Community Initiatives have been exploring ways of improving the relationship between landlords and tenants in Tanzania, with a view to improving sanitation in informal settlements. This report discusses an example of these initiatives.
Is There a Sustainable Business Case for Sanitation? Sanitation Updates, Nov 2013.(Link)
The business case for sanitation in developing countries is testified by the thousands of small scale entrepreneurs springing up to tackle problems of open defecation and processing of fecal waste and urine. This article asks: Will these businesses be profitable and sustainable? Can they address the huge scale of the problem? Will they address the issues in rural areas as well as urban areas?
Poor-Inclusive Urban Sanitation: An Overview, 2013. P Hawkins, Water and Sanitation Program. (Link, pdf)
The central recommendation arising from this review is that any effective response to the urban sanitation challenge should view it primarily in terms of improving service delivery. The evidence presented here shows that investments in urban sanitation infrastructure can be more effective if they are planned and managed as part of a service delivery chain, supported by enabling policies.
SanPack, 2013. IRC International Water and Sanitation Center. (Link)
SanPack contains an overview of available methods, techniques, and tools in a low-cost, non-sewered sanitation service model. The materials have been developed and used by IRC and its long-standing and more recent partners in the South and the North in some 20 countries in Africa, Asia, and Latin America.
ADDITIONAL 2013 WASHPLUS WEEKLIES ON SANITATION
- Nov 21 - Focus on Health Impacts of WASH Interventions
- Oct 11 - Focus on Hand Washing
- Sept 20 - Focus on WASH & Nutrition
- Aug 16 - Focus on Sanitation Marketing
- July 19 - Focus on Food Hygiene
- June 28 - Focus on Sanitation for Preschool-Age Children
- June 7 - Focus on Microfinance for Sanitation
- May 24 - Focus on WASH-Related Diseases
- May 19 - Focus on Community-Led Total Sanitation
- Apr 5 - Focus on Urban Sanitation
WASHplus Weeklies will highlight topics such as Urban WASH, Indoor Air Pollution, Innovation, Household Water Treatment and Storage, Hand Washing, Integration, and more. If you would like to feature your organization’s materials in upcoming issues, please send them to Dan Campbell, WASHplus Knowledge Resources Specialist, at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Filed under: Campaigns and Events Tagged: World Toilet Day, World Toilet Organization